Identifying evidence gaps in Chilean health research: A first step towards evidence-informed decision making and strategic research agendas.

Session Type
Overviews of reviews and scoping reviews
Meza N1, Bracchiglione J1, Franco JV2, Escobar C3, Garnham R4, Cabrera C4, Pérez I4, Sánchez A5, Dauvergne J6, Morales D4, Madrid E1
1Interdisciplinary Centre for Health Studies Universidad de Valparaiso - Cochrane Chile, Chile
2Institute of General Practice, Medical Faculty of the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany
3Associate Cochrane Centre - Instituto Universitario Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina
4Escuela de Medicina Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile
5Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Universidad de Santiago, Chile
6Master Program in Applied Clinical Research in Health Sciences - Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Spain

Introduction: Clinical research aims to influence decision-making to provide appropriate healthcare. Funding agencies should prioritise projects addressing needed research topics, methodological considerations, cost-effectiveness, and expected social value. In Chile, there is no local diagnosis regarding recent clinical research that might inform prioritisation for future research funding. Objective: To comprehensively identify and classify Chilean clinical research studies, and to characterise design, institutions, authors, and identify gaps of evidence in the main prioritised local health conditions.
Methods: We conducted a broad scoping review. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, LILACS and WoS, and performed hand searches to retrieve all health research studies conducted in Chile or by authors whose affiliations are based in Chile, from 2000 onwards. We extracted the following data: bibliometric information, type of evidence, study design , area of study authors’ affiliations and gender, type of authorship (first, last, corresponding or other), diseases or health conditions addressed, funding, and conflicts of interest. Through an evidence gap map approach, the retrieved studies will reveal waste research and evidence gaps for the most burdensome conditions in Chile.
Results: After deduplication, we retrieved 48641 publications. To date, 29305 studies have been excluded by title/abstract screening. Among 1715 full-texts assessed for eligibility, 275 have been excluded for being conducted in other countries or having authors non based in Chile, whereas 151 have been excluded by other reasons (wrong publication type or no clinical topic). We expect to complete the selection process, data extraction and report in three months. Conclusion: Providing an accurate and up-to-date picture of the national clinical research profile will support agencies and funders’ agenda. This scoping review is part of a broader government-funded project, aiming to elaborate evidence gap maps for the most burdensome local conditions (Protocol DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057555).
Patient, public and/or healthcare consumer involvement: None